Even More Astonishing Women
(1908 Mar 7 – 1973 Sept 26) was an Italian actress of “volcanic” abilities. To support her study at the Academy of Dramatic Art, she played piano and sang in nightclubs. In 1933 Magnani began acting in films. At 34, she had an affair with actor Massimo Seratoa and they had a son, Luca. In 1945, she began an affair with Roberto Rossellini and they made their neo-realistic masterpiece, “Open City.” Her first English-speaking film, “The Rose Tattoo,” won her the Best Actress award in 1955. Written specifically for her by Tennessee Williams, he believed that Anna was “the most explosive emotional actress of her generation,” “…I never heard a false word from her mouth.”
(1 February 1985 – ) is an Egyptian activist and one of the founders of the April 6 Movement. She helped to spark a mass uprising through her video blog posted one week before the start of the 2011 Egyptian revolution. She is a prominent member of Egypt’s Coalition of the Youth of Revolution and was one of five recipients of the “Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought”, awarded for contributions to “historic changes in the Arab world”.
later Victoria Woodhull Martin (September 23, 1838 – June 9, 1927) was an American leader of the woman’s suffrage movement. In 1872, Woodhull was the first female to run for President of the United States. An activist for women’s rights and labor reforms, Woodhull was also an advocate of free love, by which she meant the freedom to marry, divorce, and bear children without government interference.
(February 1, 1926 – April 21, 2009) – was an American street photographer. Maier worked for about forty years as a nanny, mostly in Chicago’s North Shore, pursuing photography during her spare time. She took more than 150,000 photographs during her career, primarily of the people and architecture of New York City, Chicago, and Los Angeles, although she also traveled and photographed worldwide.
Katherine Mansfield Beauchamp
(1888 Oct 14 – 1923 Jan 9) was born in New Zealand and started writing and publishing at age 10. At 17, she left New Zealand and her family for London. Friends with Virginia Woolf, D.H. Lawrence, that crowd, she wrote short stories (Prelude, The Aloe), loved and married 2 men and loved 2 women, developed tuberculosis and died at age 34. Prolific and bohemian, her legacy is profound and brilliant.
Kathleen Mansfield Murry
(14 October 1888 – 9 January 1923) was a prominent New Zealand modernist short story writer who was born and brought up in colonial New Zealand and wrote under the pen name of Katherine Mansfield. At 19, Mansfield left New Zealand and settled in the United Kingdom, where she became a friend of modernist writers such as D.H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf. In 1917 she was diagnosed with extrapulmonary tuberculosis, which led to her death at the age of 34.
(DOB unknown) A social entrepreneur who vacillates between wanting to savor and save the world. Co-founded The Billions Institute to create new institutions that are capable of solving the world’s biggest problems. Co-founded Big Mountain Play to help people experience personal transformation in the wilderness.
(March 5, 1938 – November 22, 2011) was an American evolutionary theorist, taxonomist, bacteriologist, protistologist, and botanist, with advanced degrees in zoology and genetics. She was known to the public as a science author, educator, and popularizer, and above all recognized as the primary modern proponent for the significance of symbiosis in biological evolution. She developed a theory of the origin of eukaryotic organelles, and contributed to the endosymbiotic theory, which is now generally accepted for how certain organelles were formed. Led to the development of the Gaia Theory.
(4 February 1868 – 15 July 1927) was a suffragette and revolutionary Irish nationalist who tirelessly fought for the cause and ended up being the first woman ever elected to the British House of Commons.
Mary Margaret McBride
(November 16, 1899 – April 7, 1976) was an American radio interview host and writer. Her popular radio shows spanned more than 40 years; she is also remembered for her few months of pioneering television, as an early sign of radio success not guaranteeing a transition to the new medium. She was sometimes known as The First Lady of Radio.” First radio interviewer to bring in techniques for journalism.
(1917 – 2008) was considered one of the best metal sculptors in America. She trained in the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and taught art for 14 years. By the late 50s, she was showing her paintings around the country. Her husband taught her to weld and helped her lug heavy metal art around. She went from obscurity into national and international prominence with her monumental piece, The Phoenix. Another famous piece, Our King, has become a landmark in Chicago’s West Side.
She went to college in 1966 for Business Administration. Back then if a woman went to college, graduated, and was on the Dean’s List for consecutive years she was still unable to find a job in the business world. McIntosh created her own business with her husband which was eventually sold. She is now a philanthropist and focuses on helping women break barriers.
(1927 Mar 11 – 2015 Dec 22) was an Austrian activist and figurehead in the Austrian Green Party. At 11, she watched the bombing of Dresden. She studied communication, journalism, completed nursing school and moved to Frankfurt. Later, in Belgian Congo, Freda witnessed the struggle of the Congo Crisis. By 1970, with her living partner, Paul Blau, Freda attached herself to the anti-nuclear movement. Becoming the spokesperson and leader she helped establish the Austrian Green Party. She received a Lifetime Achievement Nuclear-Free Future Award in 2007 and a Save the World Award in 2009. “Governments, bureaucrats and national economists still chase after the chimera of an infinitely expanding economy in this, a finite world. Their logic is the logic of money… But money is not the currency of nature. Money can never measure the worth of a life…”
(1878 Nov 7 – 1968 Oct 27) was an Austrian-Swedish physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics was born. She and Otto Hahn led a group of scientists who first discovered nuclear fission of uranium, and its potential. Lise was the first woman to become a full professor of physics in Germany. She lost that position in ’38: she was Jewish. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry for that nuclear fission discovery went to Otto Hahn in 1944. Lise wasn’t even mentioned. Jew, woman, she’d fled to Sweden and became a Swedish citizen. Her exclusion from the Nobel has given rise to posthumous honors, including naming a chemical element, meitnerium (element 109) in 1997.
(1907 Apr 23 – 1977 Jul 21) was best known as a fashion model and photographer. She was muse/model/lover to Edward Steichen and Man Ray, pals with Picasso and Jean Cocteau and provided her art studio oasis to Dubuffet, Moore and Ernst. Lee was also a brave photojournalist during WWII. A wife twice, a mother of one. Her son, Antony, has revived her work with ongoing exhibitions shown around the world.
Dorothy Miller Richardson
(17 May 1873 – 17 June 1957) was a British author and journalist. Author of Pilgrimage, a sequence of 13 novels, she was one of the earliest modernist novelists to use stream of consciousness as a narrative technique. Richardson also emphasizes in Pilgrimage the importance and distinct nature of female experiences.
(1818 Aug 1 – 1889 Jun 28; born in Nantucket, Maria studied astronomy as a girl. She was best known as the first female astronomer in the US and for her comet discovered in 1847, Miss Mitchell’s Comet. A professor of astronomy at Vassar, Maria co-founded the Association for the Advancement of Women in 1873.
is a Fulbright-Nehru Fellow for Environmental Leadership 2011-12. She is a founding member of Association for Social and Environmental Development. She worked for eight years in SAHAY, a non-profit organization, affiliated to Children International, USA, conducting a child sponsorship in 10 districts of West Bengal with 28 partners. She was a consultant to the DFID supported West Bengal Civil Society Support Program (WBCSSP) in operation from 2006 till October 2009. She has been a consultant to the various health sector organizations including Technical Assistant Support, and has served as the President of the Development Research Communications and Services Centre (DRCSC), a renowned organization working on natural resource management.
(5 May 1923 – 8 August 2017)) was a mathematician whose theorems often found use in solving real-world engineering problems, and the first woman to belong to the Applied Mathematics Section of the National Academy of Sciences.
Agnes Fay Morgan
(May 4, 1884– July 20, 1968) American biochemist who pioneered the development of home economics as a scientific discipline and spearheaded research in nutrition. She played a major role in transforming the field of home economics by making chemistry an integral part of the curriculum. She also did pioneering research on the bio-chemistry of vitamins, although she was proudest of her administrative accomplishments, which included building up one of the best home economics departments in the country during that era and organizing and chairing numerous meetings on nutrition.